SPANISH NATIONAL CUISINE: PASSION FOR FOOD (part 1)
The diversity of culinary traditions: from Africa to America, the cuisine of Spain has absorbed the culinary traditions of the Arabs, Italians, Greeks, learned a lot from the gastronomic preferences of the peoples of North-West Africa and America. You can learn the history of the country from culinary borrowings… but first you still need to eat. Experts say that the national food in Spain is too generalized expression, and it is necessary to consider separately the cuisine of each province. But still it is possible to note some characteristic features. On the Mediterranean coast (and it is there that most families are planning a vacation in Spain with children) in honor of seafood, meat, vegetables, cereals, especially rice. Spanish dishes are prepared using olive oil, herbs and spices, but there are almost no spicy dishes. Especially love garlic – they flavored, probably, any unsweetened food. National dishes of Spain: not a day without delicacies What is the first thing tourists try in a new country? Of course, gastronomic delights. Jamón-dried meat in Spain is simply called “ham”: this is how the word “ham”is translated. Dry-cured pork ham is produced in all regions of Spain, but there are two main types of ham-Serrano (ham with a white hoof) and the more valuable “Iberico” (ham with a black hoof). One of the peculiarities of the national cuisine is that jamon is added to almost all soups, meat and vegetable dishes. Chorizo-dried or smoked pork sausage with paprika. Chorizo put on sandwiches, grilled, added to soups. Among other Spanish sausages need to mention the black pudding morcilla and butifarra and sobrasada sausage of beef jerky. Gazpacho – one of the main dishes in Spain, cold soup-puree of tomatoes and sweet peppers, flavored with olive oil, herbs and garlic. Gazpacho is often served with ice. Paella is a specialty of Spanish cuisine originally from Valencia. Paella is rice with vegetables, seafood or meat. Because of the addition of saffron, the rice turns an appetizing yellow color (unless you order “black rice” with cuttlefish ink). The famous dish has many varieties. Turrón, or torró – the most famous sweet dish in Spain. Turrons are made from egg white mixed with honey and roasted nuts. Previously, this delicacy was prepared only for Christmas, but now you can try it at any time of the year. Churros is another dessert favorite, crispy cookies fried in oil. Churros are eaten dipped in hot chocolate or mixed with coffee. Salads and snacks: tapas for adults, and for children? Tapas-snacks traditionally served with beer and wine. The list of tapas is infinitely diverse: nuts, olives, sandwiches, fried seafood, ham, marinated pork, cheese appetizer, meat pies. Tapas can even include small portions of main dishes, such as gazpacho or paella. Pa amb tomàquet is the national dish of Spain and a convenient snack for children. It is a toasted piece of bread drizzled with olive oil, grated with half a fragrant tomato and garlic. On such bread can be put an choked or a slice of ham. PA AMB tomaquet particularly popular in the Balearic Islands and in Catalonia. Ajotomate is again a combination of tomatoes and garlic, only this time in the form of a salad. Salad dressed with olive oil and sprinkle with herbs. Ensalada de apio y naranjas is a refreshing vegetable salad with celery stalks and orange slices. Ensalada malagueña is a salad that can replace a full meal. It includes boiled potatoes, orange pulp, onions, olives and dried bacalhau cod. Ensalada de mar-seafood salad with mushrooms or capers. Remojón – a salad of oranges. The same name has a popular dessert, and these dishes differ only in sweetness. Soups: bread in a plate and melon for a snack Among the traditional dishes of Spain there are many different soups. On a hot day it is customary to eat cold soups with ice, and in winter-hot, rich soups with meat broth. Salmorejo is a gazpacho-like soup made in Andalusia. In it add egg and chopped sliced ham.