Tapas are different small, but very hearty dishes that are suitable for a quick snack, and for snacks during lunch or a party with friends in the bar or at home. Tapas is made from everything: vegetables, cheese, fish, bread, meat and so on. The main thing is that the snacks were of such a size that they could immediately fit in your mouth.
The history of the emergence
In Spanish cuisine tapas did not appear immediately. Residents of Spain like to tell legends about the appearance of this dish. For example, wine and cheese or corned beef peasants during operation of the supported force, or that once a certain innkeeper got a bad batch of wine, and he decided to hide the taste of it, submitting to it the free cheese and sausage. Options many, but the most popular and the most plausible among them two.
According to one version of the tradition of such snacks began king Alfonso X, when doctors prescribed him several glasses of wine a day to maintain health. In order not to get drunk and keep a clear head, the king ate wine with a small amount of food. In consequence, he issued a decree ordering innkeepers to serve wine only accompanied by a certain amount of food, so that the people, especially the soldiers of his Royal Majesty, did not get drunk. Of course, the innkeepers did not like being taxed with such a gastronomic tax, so they contrived to serve as much food as they could on a mug.
According to another version, the creation of tapas had a hand in another king, Alfonso XIII, who once went to a tavern and asked to serve him wine. It was a hot day, with dust in the air and clouds of insects. In order to avoid unauthorized items in the wine, the glass for the king was closed with a slice of ham. The king liked this arrangement: you can immediately drink and eat, and he made it a tradition. “Tapa “in Spanish means”cover”. Since then, pitchers of wine in taverns served covered with slices of ham, bread, cheese, etc. Over time, edible lids were replaced by conventional plates, but the tradition of serving drinks with snacks remained. Snacks were transformed into a separate dish. Now it can be olives, small sandwiches with different fillings, paella, tortilla, cheese, vegetables, mushrooms and so on.
Thus, in the Spanish dictionary for” tapas ” has a new meaning – a light snack, which is served with wine or beer. Tapas have become very popular in Spain, moreover, they have become a symbol of Spanish cuisine. Residents of Sunny Spain love to sit in the bar with family and friends with drinks and a variety of tapas: portions are easy to share with each other. The atmosphere in tapas bars is always very cheerful, friendly and relaxed: what a tired person needs after a working day. Each bar tries to stand out from the rest and serves its own set of tapas.
The attitude to tapas in Spain is so serious that they regularly hold festivals and competitions dedicated to snacks. The competition involves all institutions, from the smallest cafes with two tables and a bar, to serious restaurants, where the tapas menu conjures eminent chef, inventing new combinations for snacks.
Types of tapas:
– hot or cold tapas are a variety of dishes served in small portions on small clay plates.
– Montaditos-small closed sandwiches with filling, filling can be very diverse.
– Pichos-a piece of bread, with cheese, fruits, vegetables, meat, fish and other snacks, impaled on skewers.
In Spain, tapas can be obtained at any time of the day, in many places snacks are served free of charge with wine or beer.